Tensions between Iran and Israel have been frustrated for a while with low-intensity warfare raging across the Middle East as a result.
The former nation supports anti-Israel groups in Gaza, Syria and Lebanon in particular, while Israel often strikes at Iranian forces across the region.
Overall, Israel has endeavoured to create an anti-Iran coalition at a diplomatic level, while Iran has invested in cultivating ties with militias and non-state actors.
While it may be difficult to claim these nations will launch into a wider war if Iran is determined to restart its nuclear program, Israel may choose to engage in wider strikes hitting the Iranian homeland directly.
This type of assault could have wider implications as it could prove to be a threat to global oil supplies which would inevitably cause more nations to intercede.
Israel is currently in a state of crisis with its Jewish settlers fighting against Palestinian natives.
Gaza was targeted by the heaviest Israeli bombardment seen in years overnight, with militants in Gaza launching rockets in retaliation aimed at Israeli towns.
As of May 14, at least 119 Palestinians and eight Israelis have been killed since the violence began.
Countries around the globe have called on the nation and its representatives to calm the ongoing strife, but this has proven ineffective thus far.
The UN’s Middle East envoy issued a shocking warning this week claiming “we’re escalating towards a full-scale war”.
The UN official Tor Wennesland said: “Stop the fire immediately. We’re escalating towards a full-scale war.
“Leaders on all sides have to take the responsibility of de-escalation.
“The cost of war in Gaza is devastating and is being paid by ordinary people.
“The UN is working with all sides to restore calm. Stop the violence now.”
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said he is “deeply concerned” by the growing violence and warned both sides to “step back from the brink”.